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翻译:瑞京 杰克 29/3/2020

澳大利亚政府今天再次召开内阁会议,采取进一步行动减缓新冠病毒的传播,以拯救生命和生计。

我们将与这种病毒一起生活至少六个月,所以减缓这种病毒的社会隔离措施必须至少能够持续那么长时间,以保护澳大利亚人的生命并帮助澳大利亚保持运转。

国家内阁公布与冠状病毒有关的最新统计数据和医学建议。

我们的公共卫生措施正在生效,澳大利亚进行了21万1千多次检测,确诊病例为3966例。

病毒曲线的增长速度正在放缓,但总体确诊数量仍在增加。虽然澳大利亚的大多数病例都与从海外返回澳大利亚的旅行者有关,但在悉尼和墨尔本的一些地区仍有持续的社区传播。

国家内阁指出,从国际供应商和国内制造商那里采购更多口罩、呼吸器、手套、保护袍和消毒洗手液的广泛工作正在进行中。国家内阁进一步指出,联邦政府已经宣布了一项11亿澳元的套餐计划,以促进精神健康服务、家庭暴力支持、全民医保居家援助和紧急食品救济。

国家内阁欢迎联邦政府今天发布的新冠状病毒应用程序和WhatsApp频道。该应用现在可以在苹果和安卓设备上使用。在你的网络浏览器中输入aus.gov.au/whatsapp,就可以进入WhatsApp频道。

这些新平台为澳大利亚人提供了一个值得信赖的信息来源,在这些平台上大家可以查到各方面的重要建议,例如如何保护自己和他人、现在对社交聚会的限制、如何获得支持以及澳大利亚确诊的最新数据等。

该应用程序还允许澳大利亚人自愿注册自己是否在进行自我隔离,从而为政府提供保护公共健康和安全的重要信息。

国家内阁指出,已经出台了限制集会的重要措施,包括限制零售场所。在一些司法管辖区,零售点需要为进一步的措施做好准备,并适应不同的吸引顾客的方式,如线上服务或者送货到家服务。

室内和室外公共聚会

国家内阁同意室内和室外集会仅限两人。

此限制的例外包括:

  • 同一个家庭的人一起外出;
  • 葬礼-最多10人;
  • 婚礼-最多5人;
  • 家庭单位。

各州和领地可以选择下令和/或者强制执行这一要求。

国家内阁强烈建议所有澳大利亚人呆在家里,除非:

  • 购买你需要的——食物和必需品;
  • 医疗或保健需求,包括重大伤亡处理需求;
  • 在遵守公众集会要求的前提下行事;
  • 工作和学习,如果你不能远程工作或学习。

国家内阁同意关闭公共场所的玩耍地带、溜冰场和室外健身房。训练营将减少到两个人,包括教练。

这些措施将从明晚午夜开始实施。

社交距离——进一步的措施

国家内阁讨论了对活动和场地的进一步限制。海外经验表明,如果澳大利亚疫情恶化,将需要进一步限制个人行动和企业。

各州和领地同意,他们将实施针对各自地区的进一步措施,包括关闭医疗建议支持关闭的场馆类别。这些措施将以风险本,针对非必要的活动。

澳大利亚人仍然能够获得安全和可持续生活所需的商品和服务。

对澳大利亚老年人的建议,包括现有健康状况的老年人

在这个拥有不确定性的期间,澳大利亚老年人的护理和福利仍然是一个优先事项。

所有澳大利亚人都尊重和珍视澳大利亚老年人对我们社区的贡献。

新冠对澳大利亚老年人、70岁以上的人以及存在健康状况或共病的澳大利亚人有更严重的影响。

国家内阁强烈建议以下澳大利亚人在家中最大限度地自我隔离:

  • 70岁以上;
  • 60岁以上有健康状况或共病的人;
  • 50岁以上且存在健康问题或患有共病的澳大利亚原住民。

这些族群在外出旅行时,应该尽可能地限制与他人的接触。

商业和住宅租赁

作为帮助企业冬眠工作的一部分,国家内阁同意商业租赁需要短期干预。这方面的工作已经开始,但还有更多包括住宅租在内的 工作要做。

国家内阁同意在未来六个月内暂停驱逐因新冠病毒影响而无法履行承诺陷入财务困境的商业和住宅租户。

商业租户、房东和金融机构被鼓励坐下来一起寻找出路,以确保企业能够生存下来并坚持到疫情结束。作为其中的一部分,国家内阁同意了一套共同的原则,并得到了财政部长的认可,以支持和管理对商业租赁的干预,具体如下:

  • 短期内暂停对因受新冠病毒引起的严重租金危机所影响的商业租赁进行驱逐;
  • 鼓励租户和房东同意减免租金或临时修改租约;
  • 受影响的租户在规定期限内减少或免除租金;
  • 租户以经济困难为由终止租约和/或寻求调解或调停的能力;
  • 商业场地所有人应确保其场地所获得的任何补助也应成比例地惠及因新冠病毒而造成的经济影响的租户;
  • 没有受到冠状病毒严重影响的房东和房客应该遵守他们的租赁协议;和
  • 房东和房客分担费用或递延损失,由联邦、州和领地政府、地方政府和金融机构考虑机制提供援助。

国家内阁将于2020年3月30日星期一再次开会。

Australian governments met again today as the National Cabinet to take further action to slow the spread of coronavirus to save lives and to save livelihoods.

We will be living with this virus for at least six months, so social distancing measures to slow this virus down must be sustainable for at least that long to protect Australian lives and help Australia to keep functioning. 

National Cabinet noted the latest statistics and medical advice in relation to coronavirus.

Our public health measures are taking effect, with over 211,000 tests undertaken and 3,966 confirmed cases in Australia. 

The rate of increase in the virus curve is slowing, but overall numbers are still increasing. While the majority of cases in Australia are connected to travellers returning to Australia from overseas, there has been some sustained community transmission in areas of Sydney and Melbourne.

National Cabinet noted the extensive work underway to procure more masks, ventilators, gloves, gowns and hand sanitiser from both international suppliers and domestic manufacturers. National Cabinet further noted that the Commonwealth had announced a package of $1.1 billion to boost mental health services, domestic violence support, Medicare assistance for people at home and emergency food relief. 

National Cabinet welcomed the new coronavirus app and WhatsApp channel that were released today by the Commonwealth Government. The app is now available on Apple and Android devices. The WhatsApp channel can be accessed by entering aus.gov.au/whatsapp into your internet browser.

These new platforms provide a trusted source of information for Australians looking for important advice on how they can protect themselves and others, current restrictions on social gatherings, how they can access support and the latest data on Australian cases. 

The app also allows Australians to voluntarily register if they are self-isolating to provide governments with important information to protect public health and safety. 

National Cabinet noted that there have been significant measures put in place that restrict gatherings including limits on retail premises. In some jurisdictions, retail outlets need to be prepared for further measures and adapt to different ways of engaging customers such as online and home delivery services.

Indoor and Outdoor Public gatherings

National Cabinet agreed to limit both indoor and outdoor gatherings to two persons only. 

Exceptions to this limit include:

  • People of the same household going out together;
  • Funerals – a maximum of 10 people; 
  • Wedding – a maximum of 5 people;
  • Family units. 

Individual states and territories may choose to mandate and/or enforce this requirement. 

National Cabinet’s strong guidance to all Australians is to stay home unless for:

  • shopping for what you need – food and necessary supplies;
  • medical or health care needs, including compassionate requirements;
  • exercise in compliance with the public gathering requirements;
  • work and study if you can’t work or learn remotely.

National Cabinet agreed that playgrounds, skate parks and outside gyms in public places will be closed. Bootcamps will be reduced to two persons, including the trainer. 

These measures will be in place from midnight tomorrow night. 

Social Distancing – further measures

National Cabinet discussed further restrictions on activities and venues. Overseas experience indicates further restrictions on personal movement and businesses will be required should the severity of the outbreak worsen in Australia.

States and territories agreed they would implement further measures specific to their own region, including closing categories of venues, where medical advice supported this action. These measures would be risk-based and targeted at non-essential activities.

Australians will still be able to access the goods and services needed to safely and sustainably live their lives.

Advice for Senior Australians including those with existing health conditions

The care and wellbeing of senior Australians remains a priority in this uncertain time.  

All Australians respect and value the contribution that older Australians make to our community. 

Coronavirus has more serious impacts on older Australians, those over 70 years of age and Australians with existing health conditions or comorbidities.

National Cabinet’s strong advice is for self-isolation at home to the maximum extent practicable for Australians:

  • over 70 years of age; 
  • over 60 years of age who have existing health conditions or comorbidities;
  • indigenous Australians over the age of 50 who have existing health conditions or comorbidities. 

These groups should limit contact with others as much as possible when they travel outside.

Commercial and residential tenancies

As part of its work on helping businesses hibernate, National Cabinet agreed that short-term intervention is needed for commercial tenancies. Work on this has begun, but there is more to do, including for residential tenancies. 

National Cabinet agreed to a moratorium on evictions over the next six months for commercial and residential tenancies in financial distress who are unable to meet their commitments due to the impact of coronavirus. 

Commercial tenants, landlords and financial institutions are encouraged to sit down together to find a way through to ensure that businesses can survive and be there on the other side. As part of this, National Cabinet agreed to a common set of principles, endorsed by Treasurers, to underpin and govern intervention to aid commercial tenancies as follows:

  • a short term, temporary moratorium on eviction for non-payment of rent to be applied across commercial tenancies impacted by severe rental distress due to coronavirus;
  • tenants and landlords are encouraged to agree on rent relief or temporary amendments to the lease;
  • the reduction or waiver of rental payment for a defined period for impacted tenants;
  • the ability for tenants to terminate leases and/or seek mediation or conciliation on the grounds of financial distress;
  • commercial property owners should ensure that any benefits received in respect of their properties should also benefit their tenants in proportion to the economic impact caused by coronavirus;
  • landlords and tenants not significantly affected by coronavirus are expected to honour their lease and rental agreements; and
  • cost-sharing or deferral of losses between landlords and tenants, with Commonwealth, state and territory governments, local government and financial institutions to consider mechanisms to provide assistance.

National Cabinet will meet again on Monday 30th March 2020.

参考

https://www.pm.gov.au/media/national-cabinet-statement